English and Other Foreign Languages For Medicine

Course Description:

This is a course for doctors, medical students in the clinical phases of their studies and other medical professionals who have to use a foreign language to communicate with patients and colleagues. It aims to develop speaking and listening skills primarily; but also, focuses on reading skills in particular, reference materials, journal articles, and writing medical documents.

Course Outline:

· Health and illness

o Asking about health

o Sickness

o Recovery

· Parts of the Body

o Parts of the body – details

o Referring to parts of the body

o Describing radiation of the pain

o The abdomen

o The chest

o The pelvis

· Functions of the body

o Eating

o The five senses

o Other functions

o Less common functions

· Medical practitioners

o Practitioners

o Specialties

o Choosing a specialty

o Hospital staff

o Medical teams

o Shifts

· Nurses

o Nursing grades

o Support workers

o Specialization

o The nurse's role

· Allied health professionals

o Community health

o Technicians

o Prosthetists and orthotists

o Opticians

· Hospitals

o Introduction to a hospital

o Outpatients

o Inpatients

· Primary care

o The National Health Service

o The practice team

o A GP's day

· Medical education

o Medical education in the UK

o Extract from an undergraduate prospectus

o A student's view

o The Foundation Program

o People in medical education

o Medical qualifications

· The overseas doctor

o Types of registration


o PLAB stations and advice

· Symptoms and signs

o Describing Problems

o Presentation

o Talking about symptoms

· Blood

o Full blood count

o Anemia

o Pernicious anemia

· Bones

o Bones – details

o Fractures

o Treatment of fractures

· Childhood

o Milestones

o Common infectious diseases

o Coeliac disease

· The endocrine system

o Excess and deficiency

o Negative feedback systems

o Goitre

o A letter of referral

· The eye

o Parts of the eye

o Examination of the eye

o Retinopathy

· The gastrointestinal system

o Examination of the abdomen

o The faeces

· Gynaecology

o The female reproductive system

o Menstruation

o A gynaecological consultation

o Contraception

· The heart circulation

o Shortness of breath

o Heart rhythm

o Heart failure

o Physical examination

o Examining the heart and circulation

· Infections

o Fever

o Microorganisms

o Source and spread of infection

· Mental illness

o Psychiatric disorders

o Substance abuse

o Affective disorders

o Neurotic and stress-related disorders

o Other types of functional disorder

· The nervous system

o Sensory loss

o Motor loss

o Loss of consciousness

o The motor system

o Tendon reflexes

o Coma

· Oncology

o Neoplasms

o Symptoms and signs of malignancy

o Treatment of tumours

· Pregnancy and childbirth

o Childbirth

o Labour

o Presentation and lie

· The respiratory system

o Cough

o Auscultation

· The skin

o Some types of skin lesion

o Rashes

o Injuries to the skin

o Case report

o Sores

· The urinary system

o Urinary symptoms

o Urinalysis

· Basic investigations

o Ophthalmoscopy

o Blood pressure

o Taking blood

· Laboratory tests

o A Microbiology test request form

o A Biochemistry and Haematology lab report

o Terms used to describe lab results

· Endoscopy

o Functions of endoscopy

o Enteroscopy

o Report of a diagnostic endoscopy

· X-ray and CT

o Radiography and Radiology

o X-ray examination

o Computed Tomography

· MRI and Ultrasound

o Magnetic Resonance Imaging

o Ultrasound

o Preparing for medical imaging

o Describing medical imaging


o Uses of an ECG

o ECG procedure

o A normal ECG

· Medical Treatment

o Prescriptions and drugs

o The British National Formulary

· Surgical treatment

o The operating theater

o Instruments

o The operation

o An operation report

· Therapies

o Radiotherapy and chemotherapy

o A day in the life of a physiotherapist

o Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

· Screening and immunization

o Screening

o Common screening tests

o Immunization for travelers

· Epidemiology

o Rates

o Incidence and prevalence

o Association and causation

· Medical ethics

o GMC guidelines

o Bio-ethical issues

o Assisted dying

· Research studies

o Case-control studies

o Cohort studies

o Trials

o Variables

· Taking a history

o A full case history

o Personal details

o Talking about pain

o Drug history

o Family history

o Social and personal history

o Reviewing the systems

o Asking about the central nervous system

o Patent ideas, concerns, and expectations

o Phrasal verbs in history-taking

· Physical Examination

o Examining a patient

o Giving instructions

· Mental state examination

o Some symptoms of psychiatric disorders

o Mood

o Typical questions from a mental state examination

· Explaining diagnosis

o Explanations

o Using lay terms in explanations

o An explanation of angina

· Discussing treatment

o Offering options

o Advising a course of action

o Advising patients to avoid something

o Warnings

· Giving bad news

o Principles of giving bad news

o A consultant medical oncologist's report

· Data presentation

o Referring to a table or figure

o Comparing variables

o Approximating

o Line graphs

o Pie charts and bar charts

o Describing trends

· Research articles

o The structure of a research-article

o Objectives

o Main findings

· Abstracts

o Structured abstracts

o The BMJ abstract

· Conference presentations

o The structure of a presentation

o The introduction

o Signalling

o The conclusion

· Case presentations

o Sections of a case presentation

o Bedside presentation

o Slides

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